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Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia

versão impressa ISSN 0100-7203versão On-line ISSN 1806-9339


MOREIRA, Simone da Nóbrega Tomaz; MELO, Carmen Oliveira Medeiros; TOMAZ, Geraldez  e  AZEVEDO, George Dantas de. Stress and anxiety in infertile women. Rev. Bras. Ginecol. Obstet. [online]. 2006, vol.28, n.6, pp.358-364. ISSN 1806-9339.

PURPOSE: to assess the frequency of stress and anxiety levels in infertile women, in order to obtain data for specific psychological intervention. METHODS: a cross-sectional study involving 152 infertile (mean age 30.3±5.4 years), and 150 healthy control women (25.7±7.9 years). All patients were evaluated with the Lipp's Inventory of Stress Symptoms and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Considered dependent variables were: stress frequency and anxiety scores (state and trait). Statistical analysis was performed by the c2 and Mann-Whitney tests, and logistical regression to test associations between response variables and considered risk factors. Statistical significance was defined as p<0.05. RESULTS: the stress was more frequent in the infertile group than in the control group (61.8 and 36.0%, respectively); however, no significant differences were observed between groups in relation to stress phases and predominant symptoms. With respect to anxiety, there were no significant differences between infertile and control groups as to median state scores (39.5 and 41.0, respectively) and anxiety trait scores (44.0 and 42.0, respectively). Factors significantly associated with greater risk for high anxiety scores in the infertile group were: unawareness of the causal factor, diagnostic phase investigation, and lack of children from other marriages. CONCLUSIONS: it can be concluded that infertile women are more vulnerable to stress; however, they are capable of adapting themselves to stressful events without serious physical or psychological compromise.

Palavras-chave : Stress; Anxiety; Infertility, female [psychology]; Reproduction; Questionnaires.

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