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Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0100-736XOn-line version ISSN 1678-5150

Abstract

OLIVEIRA, Plínio A. et al. Cerebral babesiosis in calves. Pesq. Vet. Bras. [online]. 2018, vol.38, n.5, pp.832-834. ISSN 1678-5150.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-5150-pvb-5424.

Cerebral babesiosis is a protozoan disease caused by Babesia bovis. This parasite belongs to the bovine parasitic complex of tick-borne diseases that affect livestock worldwide. The present study reports an outbreak caused by B. bovis affected twenty 7-25 day-old calves. Outbreak occurred from May to July 2015 in the south of Brazil, where there is an area of enzootic instability for cattle tick fever. The macroscopic lesions were anemia, hemoglobinuria, splenomegaly, hepatomegaly, yellow liver and cherry-pink discoloration of cerebral and cerebellar cortex. The diagnosis was based on epidemiology, necropsy and microscopic findings in the brain that showed B. bovis in the capillary vessels of the brain in imprints stained by Giemsa. Cases of cerebral babesiosis by Babesia bovis in such young calves are uncommon but should be considered as a diagnosis possibility when there is high mortality rate in areas ofen zootic instability.

Keywords : Calves; Babesia bovis; cerebral babesiosis; cattle; parasitoses.

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