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Planta Daninha

versão impressa ISSN 0100-8358

Resumo

SIGNORI, L. H.; DEUBER, R.  e  FORSTER, R.. Leaching of trifluralin, atrazine and bromacil in three different soils. Planta daninha [online]. 1978, vol.1, n.1, pp.39-44. ISSN 0100-8358.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83581978000100005.

The leaching rate of trifluralin, atrazine and bromacil in three latossols, with different textures, applying normal dosages of each. was studied. Intact columns of each soil were used and simula ted precip itations of 110 or 220 mm of water, Echinochloa cruz-galli L. Beauv. and Lactuca sativa cv. La Chaume were sown lenghtwise in the two halves of each colum. The leaching rate of the herbic ides was evaluated 21 and 23 days after seedling. With the indication given by E. cruz_galli it was verified that trifluralin showed very little leaching in the soil prof ile, and was similar in the three soils. In the clay and sandy-clay soils with 110 or 220 mm of rain, bromacil showed higher leaching rate than atrazine. In the loamy soil both herbicides showed simila r leaching due to the presence of caulinite, with has a low adsorbing capacity for atrazine. The bio-assay indicated that the bromacil and atrazine concentrations diminished with the profile depth. In general the leaching rates of the hebicides were proporcional to their solubilities.

Palavras-chave : herbicides; leaching; solubility; soil texture.

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