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Planta Daninha

versão impressa ISSN 0100-8358


RODRIGUES-COSTA, A.C.P; MARTINS, D  e  COSTA, N.V. Uniformity of spray droplet deposition in peanut and Brachiaria plantaginea plants. Planta daninha [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.4, pp.939-951. ISSN 0100-8358.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the uniformity of spray deposition on peanut and on the weed Brachiaria plantaginea in crop rows and inter-rows. The study was conducted in the field with the peanut cultivar IAC Tatu-ST, and the applications were carried out at the vegetative (V1) and reproductive (R2) stages of the culture. Brilliant Blue (FD&C-1) was used as tracer in water solution, at 500 ppm. The treatments consisted of seven spray nozzles: XR 110015 VS (150 L ha-1), XR 11002 VS (200 L ha-1), TX-VK 6 (150 L ha-1), TX-VK 8 (200 L ha-1), AI 110015 VS (150 L ha-1), AI11002 VS (200 L ha-1), and TJ60 11002 VS (150 and 200 L ha-1).The experiment was arranged in a randomized block design, with four replications. For the qualitative analysis, the data obtained were adjusted to a regression curve by the Gompertz model. It was concluded that the tips XR 11002 VS (200 L ha-1) and TX-6 VK (150 L ha 1) showed the highest spray distribution uniformity in the peanut cultivar IAC Tatu ST at the vegetative (V1) and reproductive (R2) stages, respectively. Deposition uniformity in the B. plantaginea plants showed large variations in individual deposits on the plants located on the line and the rows; only the spray nozzle XR 11002 VS (200 L ha-1) showed no deposition failures at both stages of development of B. plantaginea located on the crop line. As for the plants located between the rows, the spray nozzles were most efficient at the 3-5 tiller stage.

Palavras-chave : pray nozzle; application technology; weed; deposition uniformity.

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