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Brazilian Journal of Botany

Print version ISSN 0100-8404On-line version ISSN 1806-9959

Abstract

ROCHA, Cinthia Tamara V. et al. Community of trees of a continuum from swampy to upland forest in Coqueiral, SE Brazil. Rev. bras. Bot. [online]. 2005, vol.28, n.2, pp.203-218. ISSN 1806-9959.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-84042005000200002.

The purpose of the present contribution was to describe the community of trees of a continuum extending from swampy to upland forest in Coqueiral, SE Brazil, assessing the correlations between the variations of community structure and those of the environment. Sampling was carried out in 25 plots of 20 X 20 m laid on the forest fragment to survey trees with a minimum circumference of 15.5 cm (registering their circumference, height and species) as well as topographic and soil variables. Species-environment correlations were analyzed using canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) and Spearman's test. The swampy and upland habitats differed substantially in both community structure and floristic composition. The general floristic profile was similar to that of other riparian forests of the Mid and Upper Rio Grande region, whilst the swampy portion of the forest differed from what is commonly found in SE Brazil. The species distribution was correlated mainly to soil drainage and proximity to the lake. The high soil diversity and the strong soil moisture gradient found over a small area resulted in different habitats and a diverse community of trees and shrubs that combined phyto-physiognomies of semideciduous and swampy forests, along with cerrado patches.

Keywords : ecotone zone; environment-vegetation relationship; riverine forest; swampy forest; tropical semideciduous forest.

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