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Brazilian Journal of Political Economy

Print version ISSN 0101-3157On-line version ISSN 1809-4538


AMES, BARRY; HIROI, TAEKO  and  RENNO, LUCIO. The Political Economy of Personnel Expenditures: Brazilian States, 1965-1994. Brazil. J. Polit. Econ. [online]. 2005, vol.25, n.1, pp.53-73. ISSN 1809-4538.

The main purpose of the paper is to test a model that explains variation in the ratio of expenditure with personnel in Brazilian states from 1965 to 1994. The independent variables include indicators of the political environment in the distinct states, such as number of veto players and level of political competition. Furthermore, variables that model the business electoral cycle and institutional changes during the period were also included in the model. The budgetary, electoral and legislative data were collected for 22 states from 1965 to 1995. OLS Regression with panel corrected standard errors was used to test the main hypotheses. Results indicate that the impact of political variables appears to be conditioned by the broader national institutional framework. During the authoritarian period expenditures with personnel were influenced by the electoral business cycle and by the presence of more than one party in the state legislature. In the democratic period, electoral vulnerability of state legislators and the electoral cycle are the most important political factors influencing expenditures with personnel.

Keywords : Patronage; state politics; Brazil.

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