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Brazilian Journal of Political Economy

Print version ISSN 0101-3157

Abstract

MAIA, Alexandre Gori  and  MENEZES, Esther. Economic growth, labor and productivity in Brazil and the United States: a comparative analysis. Rev. Econ. Polit. [online]. 2014, vol.34, n.2, pp.212-229. ISSN 0101-3157.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-31572014000200003.

The aim of this paper is to analyze the relation between economic growth and labor market dynamics in Brazil between 1981 and 2009, making a comparison with the United States. Among the findings, one can mention that economic growth in Brazil has been related to a massive incorporation of labor force in labor intensive activities, whereas, in the United States, to a substantial improvement of labor productivity in high-technology activities. Despite the favorable economic context in the 2000s, huge inequalities between these countries have widened since the structure of the Brazilian labor market remained with few or no changes.

Keywords : Brazil; labor productivity; economic growth; labor market.

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