SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.45 número2A qualidade do ranking das escolas de ensino médio baseado no ENEM é questionávelO problema das elasticidades nos modelos de crescimento com restrição externa: Contribuições ao debate índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Journal

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

Compartilhar


Estudos Econômicos (São Paulo)

versão impressa ISSN 0101-4161versão On-line ISSN 1980-5357

Resumo

FREITAS, Maria Viviana de  e  ALMEIDA, Eduardo. Existe realmente convergência de renda entre países?. Estud. Econ. [online]. 2015, vol.45, n.2, pp.287-316. ISSN 1980-5357.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0101-4161201545282mfe.

The most studies on income convergence imply that countries are isolated geographic units, not considering the underlying spatial interaction (spatial dependence and heterogeneity). This paper investigates the analysis of income convergence among countries incorporating the neighborhood effect provided by the spatial interaction and, thereby, controlling for spatial dependence and spatial heterogeneity. To do so, a local spatial model was constructed over five-year period between 1985 and 2005 for 148 countries. Main findings reveal the existence of multiple equilibria considering the analysis of local convergence. A group of countries is approaching a particular equilibrium due to the existence of correlated attributes or because it was in an initial location corresponding that equilibrium, fact in line with the convergence clubs and multiple equilibria. The convergence intervals defined here result from how economic growth in a country progresses as for its pace, which is conditioned to its initial socioeconomic characteristics in relation to the growth of other countries and not in relation to its own growth trajectory. Furthermore, in contrast to convergence clubs, these convergence intervals are defined ex-post, taking into consideration the growth dynamics specific to each country.

Palavras-chave : Local income convergence; Spatial heterogeneity; Geographically weighted regression.

        · resumo em Português     · texto em Português     · Português ( pdf )