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vol.16 issue2Art déco e indústria: Brasil, décadas de 1930 e 1940Da fotografia como arte à arte como fotografia: a experiência do Museu de Arte Contemporânea da USP na década de 1970 author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Anais do Museu Paulista: História e Cultura Material

Print version ISSN 0101-4714On-line version ISSN 1982-0267


TEIXEIRA, Dante Martins; PAPAVERO, Nelson  and  MONNE, Miguel Angel. Insetos em presépios e as "formigas vestidas" de Jules Martin (1832-1906): uma curiosa manufatura paulistana do final do século XIX. An. mus. paul. [online]. 2008, vol.16, n.2, pp.105-127. ISSN 1982-0267.

Present in Brazil since the beginning of Portuguese colonization, crèche nativity scenes were soon adapted to local reality, a propitious circumstance for the appearance of heterodox conceptions and the use of exotic elements of the fauna and flora peculiar to each region. As records about insects are very uncommon, it is noteworthy that females of leaf-cutting ants, Atta sp. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), were used to compose crèche nativity scenes in São Paulo State. Having subsisted at least up to the decade of 1960, the "ant crèches" of cities such as Embu das Artes could be related to the then famous "dressed ants" created by Jules Martin, a curious manufacture of the city of São Paulo in the last quarter of the 19th century.

Keywords : Atta; Hymenoptera; Formicidae; "Dressed ants"; Jules Martin; Insects; Crèche nativity scenes; Folklore of São Paulo.

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