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Anais do Museu Paulista: História e Cultura Material

versão impressa ISSN 0101-4714versão On-line ISSN 1982-0267

Resumo

SILVA, ALINE DE FIGUEIRÔA. Searching for Water: American Windmills in the Gardens of Fortaleza. An. mus. paul. [online]. 2017, vol.25, n.3, pp.59-82. ISSN 1982-0267.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-02672017v25n0302.

This article analyzes the relationship between environmental specificities and the cultivation of public gardens in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century in the city of Fortaleza, in the northeast region of Brazil. First, it examines the planted tree species and the creation of ponds in public gardens relative to hydric aspects and sun abundance in the city. Second, the essay describes the introduction of American windmills, known as cata-ventos in Brazil, by documenting their origin, their utility for pumping underground water stored in iron tanks, the use of this system for garden irrigation, as well as their disappearance. The paper uses iconographic and written documentary sources, such as newspapers, albums, magazines, photos, postcards, as well as chronicler’s reports and memoirs, and specialized literature on American windmills. Thus, it offers new references for garden historiography in Brazil concerning the existence of utilitarian artifacts for maintaining public gardens.

Palavras-chave : Windmills; Gardens.City of Fortaleza; Relations between Brazil and the United States of America; 19th and 20th centuries.

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