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Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo)

versão impressa ISSN 0101-6083versão On-line ISSN 1806-938X

Resumo

CARVALHO, HUDSON W. DE et al. The latent structure and reliability of the emotional trait section of the Affective and Emotional Composite Temperament Scale (AFECTS). Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (São Paulo) [online]. 2020, vol.47, n.1, pp.25-29.  Epub 18-Fev-2020. ISSN 1806-938X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0101-60830000000225.

Background

The Emotional and Affective Composite Temperament (AFECT) model describes originally six traits of volition, anger, inhibition (fear and caution subordinate factors), control, sensitivity, and coping. However, fear and caution have shown opposite relatioships with criteria-variables, indicating factor independence.

Objective

The current investigation aimed to advance in the evaluation of the psychometric properties of the emotional trait section of the Emotional and Affective Composite Temperament Scale (AFECTS) by examining the suitability of a 7-factor structure and the reliability of each scale using data from a population-based sample.

Methods

AFECTS was administered via face-to-face assessments in a single-session, population-based cross-sectional survey. Samples was composed of teenagers and adults (14 to 35 years). The latent structure and reliability were analyzed via structural equation modeling: confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the a priori correlated 7-factor model (with fear and caution designed as single-factors) and trait-scores reliability was assessed by the estimation of information curves.

Results

Findings attested the suitability of the 7-factor model presumed to underline the item set of the traits section of AFECTS and information curve interpretation showed adequate levels of reliability for all trait-scores.

Discussion

The 7-factor model showed robust indicators of construct validity for the AFECTS.

Palavras-chave : Temperament; personality; psychological traits; structuctural equation modeling; psychometrics.

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