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Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul

versão impressa ISSN 0101-8108

Resumo

VITOLO, Márcia Regina et al. Depression and its implications in breast feeding. Rev. psiquiatr. Rio Gd. Sul [online]. 2007, vol.29, n.1, pp.28-34. ISSN 0101-8108.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81082007000100009.

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at verifying the incidence of depressive symptoms in a group of mothers of children between 12 and 16 months in the municipality of São Leopoldo (RS, Brazil) and their associations with breast feeding and overall child development. METHOD: This study included 263 mothers who delivered at a hospital providing services to a population of low socioeconomic level. Depressive symptoms were assessed using Beck Depression Inventory. RESULTS: It was observed that 35.7% of mothers presented depressive symptoms. As to classification, 18.3% had mild, 11% moderate and 6.5% severe depression. Mothers without partners (prevalence ratio - PR = 1.70; IC95% = 1.20-2.38) and mothers from non-nuclear families presented more depressive symptoms (PR = 1.38; IC95% = 0.99-1.92). Exclusive breast feeding at 6 (PR = 1.86; IC95% = 0.94-3.68) and 12 months (PR = 1.80; IC95% = 1.26-2.58) was more frequent in the group of mothers without depressive symptoms. CONCLUSION: More attention should be given to women's mental health, considering the high prevalence of depressive symptoms in this population and the strong association with less breastfeeding time.

Palavras-chave : Depressive symptoms; mothers; children; breast feeding; development.

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