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Revista Brasileira de Estudos de População

Print version ISSN 0102-3098

Abstract

SILVA, Bráulio Figueiredo Alves da  and  BEATO FILHO, Claudio Chaves. Social ecology of fear: evaluating the association between neighborhood context and fear of crime. Rev. bras. estud. popul. [online]. 2013, vol.30, suppl., pp.S155-S170. ISSN 0102-3098.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-30982013000400010.

The association between the structural characteristics of a neighborhood and indicators of crime and disorder has received increasing attention from studies in criminology in recent years. Recent studies have emphasized the relationship between the contextual characteristics of neighborhoods and the fear of crime. In this paper we define fear of crime as a negative emotional reaction toward crime. We then seek to incorporate individual characteristics as related to neighborhood contexts in search of empirical evidence as to their "social ecology." A multilevel regression model was developed using the Victimization Survey, conducted by the Centre for Studies in Crime and Public Safety - CRISP / UFMG. We found a positive association between women with higher fear rates and the fact of being elderly, although residential stability has an opposite effect. At the neighborhood level, the main result was that social cohesion affects the association between crime rates and fear of crime.

Keywords : Fear of crime; Crime; Neighborhood; Victimization; Collective strength.

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