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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

Print version ISSN 0102-311X


VETTORE, Marcelo Vianna et al. Prenatal care and management of hypertension in pregnant women in the public healthcare system in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.5, pp.1021-1034. ISSN 0102-311X.

The aim of this study was to assess the adequacy of prenatal care for pregnant women with hypertension as compared to those at low risk. Adequate management of hypertension and associated factors were also investigated. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,947 women, 187 of whom with hypertension, in public prenatal care units in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 2007-2008. Demographic and socioeconomic data, obstetric history, and information on adequacy of prenatal care were collected using interviews and prenatal care cards. Adequacy of management of hypertension was evaluated according to performance of health professionals and health services and women's individual characteristics. Chi-square and multivariate logistic regression were used to compare groups and identify factors associated with management of hypertension. Adequacy of prenatal care was 79% and did not differ between groups. Only 27% of pregnant women with hypertension received appropriate management, with poor professional performance. Hypertensive pregnant women with better prenatal care were those with previous neonatal deaths and/or stillbirths and those with 35 years of age and older. Despite adequate use of prenatal care, management of hypertension in pregnant women was inadequate.

Keywords : Prenatal Care; Pregnancy; Hypertension.

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