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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

On-line version ISSN 1678-4464

Abstract

TOMASI, Elaine et al. Quality of prenatal services in primary healthcare in Brazil: indicators and social inequalities. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2017, vol.33, n.3, e00195815.  Epub Apr 03, 2017. ISSN 1678-4464.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311x00195815.

The aim of this study was to describe quality indicators for prenatal care in Brazil as part of the Program for the Improvement of Access and Quality (PMAQ-AB). The study analyzed number of prenatal visits, vaccination status, prescription of ferrous sulfate, physical examination, orientation, and laboratory tests, based on which a summary quality indicator was constructed. Data were collected in 2012-2013 during interviews conducted by External Evaluators of the PMAQ-AB, with 6,125 users who had done their last prenatal follow-up in Family Health units. During prenatal follow-up, 89% reported six or more visits, more than 95% received a tetanus booster and prescription of ferrous sulfate, 24% reported having received all the procedures in the physical examination, 60% received all the orientation, and 69% had all the recommended laboratory tests. Only 15% of interviewees had received adequate prenatal care, including all the recommended measures, and there was a significantly higher proportion of "complete" care in pregnant women that were older, with higher income, in the Southeast region of Brazil, in municipalities with more than 300,000 inhabitants, and in those with (HDI) in the upper quartile. There are persist social and individual inequalities that can be targeted by measures to upgrade the teams' work processes.

Keywords : Prenatal Care; Primary Health Care; Quality of Health Care; Health Inequalities.

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