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Acta Botanica Brasilica

Print version ISSN 0102-3306


ARAUJO, Francisca Soares de  and  MARTINS, Fernando Roberto. Physiognomy and organization of the "carrasco" vegetation on the Ibiapaba plateau, Northeastern Brazil. Acta Bot. Bras. [online]. 1999, vol.13, n.1, pp.01-13. ISSN 0102-3306.

Is the "carrasco" on the Ibiapaba plateau a unique plant formation? To answer this question the vertical height (except of climbers) and the stem basal diameter (from 3cm on) of woody plants were measured, and soil extracts (0-50 and 50-100cm depth) were taken from 100 random plots (10x10m) at Jaburuna (3º54'34"S and 40º59'24"W, altitudes near 830m), municipality of Ubajara, Ceará State. Data on climate, soil, diameter height, density, basal area, and physiognomy were compared with those surveyed by other researchers from the carrasco, caatinga, and cerrado in Northeastern Brazil. The carrasco occurs under an annual rainfall of between 668 and 1,289mm and temperatures from 22 to 24ºC, on alic Quartz Sand soils, at altitudes between 700 and 900m: it has a larger density and a smaller basal area than the caatinga and the cerrado, small and similar diameters, and an average vertical height between 3,7 and 5,4m. It differs from the caatinga, cerrado (and cerradão) and secondary forest in many items of lhe ecotope, organization and physiognomy, thus being a unique plain formation, which can be characterized as a deciduous, high, closed, and unistratified shrubland intermingled by lianas, with an irregular canopy and sparse, emergent trees.

Keywords : carrasco; shrubland; organization; physiognomy; Ibiapaba plateau.

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