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Acta Botanica Brasilica

Print version ISSN 0102-3306On-line version ISSN 1677-941X

Abstract

PASA, Maria Corette; SOARES, João Juares  and  GUARIM NETO, Germano. Ethnobotany study in community of Conceição-Açu (on the upper basin of the River Aricá Açu, MT, Brazil). Acta Bot. Bras. [online]. 2005, vol.19, n.2, pp.195-207. ISSN 1677-941X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-33062005000200001.

This paper aims at doing the ethnobotany survey of plants classified in different categories of use in the community of Conceição-Açu, in the city of Cuiabá, MT, Brazil and estimate the value of use of the species botanic in the gallery forest. Structured and non-structured interviews and the questionnaire were used in 59 adult dwellers of both sexes. Were identified the landscape units: backyards, husbandry and gallery forest and the total number of used species is the 180. The majority of the plants was collected during the interview and is kept in the Herbary of the Federal University of Mato Grosso. In the backyards of the house, 86 species, belong 43 families were identified, the majority of which planted and utilized as food (48.1%) an used as medicinal (44.5%). In the husbandry the cultivation principal are: Manihot esculenta L. (100%), Carica papaya L. (76.2%), Musa paradisiaca L. (71.4%), Saccharum officinarum L. (57.1%). In the gallery forest the use value showed the medicinal categoty (65%) species: Copaifera langsdorffii Desf. (2.5), Aspidosperma polyneuron Muell. Arg. (2.5), Hymenaea stignocarpa Mart. (2.33), Diptychandra aurantiaca Tul. (2.0), Cariniana rubra Gardner ex. Miers (2.0) and the Mimosaceae, Bignoniaceae, Caesalpiniaceae, Fabaceae and Sapindaceae families were the most used. The results show that the populacion has a wide knowledge of the plants and of the his power of healing.

Keywords : ethnobotany; categories; value of use; Conceição-Açu.

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