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Acta Botanica Brasilica

Print version ISSN 0102-3306


PENHA, Túlio Luiz Laitano; CORREA, Andréa Macêdo  and  CATHARINO, Eduardo Luís Martins. Chromosome numbers in the genus Kleberiella VP Castro & Cath. (Orchidaceae, Oncidiinae) and related genera. Acta Bot. Bras. [online]. 2011, vol.25, n.2, pp.466-475. ISSN 0102-3306.

This work aimed to provide cytotaxonomical analysis of species phylogenetically related within the genera Kleberiella, Alatiglossum and Neoruschia based on the determination of chromosome numbers from root meristems. We obtained the chromosome numbers of all species of Kleberiella (six species), Neoruschia (monospecific) and four of the nine known species of Alatiglossum stricto sensu. Except for K. longipes, A. barbatum and A. micropogon, which corroborate previous results, all other chromosome numbers are unpublished. Chromosome counting proved useful as a taxonomic character in the delimitation of Alatiglossum fuscopetalum (2n = 52) and the genus Neoruschia (2n = 48) from the other species analyzed. However it was not efficient for delimitation between Kleberiella species (all with 2n = 56) and to separate this genus from Alatiglossum in which most of the species studied had 2n = 56. Th e provable basic number for Alatiglossum and Kleberiella is x = 28 and for Neoruschia x = 24.

Keywords : Oncidium; Gomesa; cytotaxonomy; basic number.

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