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Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia

versão impressa ISSN 0102-3616


LEPORACE, Gustavo et al. Motor coordination during gait after anterior cruciate ligament injury: a systematic review of the literature. Rev. bras. ortop. [online]. 2013, vol.48, n.4, pp.293-299. ISSN 0102-3616.

To investigate the state of art about motor coordination during gait in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Searches were carried out, limited from 1980 to 2010, in various databases with keywords related to motor coordination, gait and ACL injury. From the analysis of titles and applying the inclusion/exclusion criteria 24 studies were initially selected and, after reading the abstract, eight studies remained in the final analysis. ACL deficient patients tend to have a more rigid and less variable gait, while injured patients with ACL reconstruction have less rigid and more variable gait with respect to healthy individuals. The overall results suggest the existence of differences in motor coordination between the segments with intact and those with injured knee, regardless of ligament reconstruction. ACL injured patients present aspects related to the impairment of the capability to adapt the gait pattern to different environmental conditions, possibly leading to premature knee degeneration. However, the techniques used for biomechanical gait data processing are limited with respect to obtaining information that leads to the development of intervention strategies aimed at the rehabilitation of that injury, since it is not possible to identify the location within the gait cycle where the differences could be explained.

Palavras-chave : Anterior cruciate ligament/injury; Biomechanics; Gait; motor skills.

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