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ABCD. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva (São Paulo)

Print version ISSN 0102-6720

Abstract

SILVA, Adriano Fernandes da et al. Effectiveness of the echoendoscopic puncture in the diagnosis of solid pancreatic mass. ABCD, arq. bras. cir. dig. [online]. 2009, vol.22, n.4, pp.192-196. ISSN 0102-6720.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-67202009000400002.

BACKGROUND: Echoendoscopy is a mixed technique which adds the advantages of endoscopy to those of transabdominal ultrasonography through an endoscope with transductor in its distal extremity, allowing for the evaluation of the abdominal organs reached by the endoscope and in contact with the intestinal wall. AIM: To verify the positivity rate of the echoendoscopy with puncture with thin needle (EEPTN) or (EE-PAF) in solid pancreatic mass based on the technique used in the Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Unit of Hospital das Clínicas, University of São Paulo. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation - cohort study - of 138 patients who were submitted to echoendoscopy through aspiration puncture between May 2004 and June 2007. The data were collected through the medical charts present in the medical files of Hospital das Clínicas (Clinical Hospital) of the University of São Paulo, having as inclusion criterion the presence of solid pancreatic mass in computerized tomography and as exclusion criterion the presence of non solid pancreatic tumor. The routine technique was the one used in the Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Unit focusing the following variables: mass characteristics (size, location, presence of peripancreatic lymph node, presence of lymph node in celiac trunk); number of punctures to obtain microfragment for cytology, and experience of the professional in charge. The equipment used was an echoendoscopy device model Olympus EUS (EYES) Exera EU - C60, with electronic sectorial transductor and 22 gauges Wilson-Cook needles. RESULTS: Seventy six (55,4 %) male patients and 61 (44.5 %) female were enrolled. Age ranged from 16 to 87 years and means 59,9 years. The lesions were cephalic in 94 (68,1 %). Mass larger than 4 cm had a higher percentage of positivity reaching 40%, but lesions smaller than 2 cm had a percentage of 43% of inconclusive. Microfragments were obtained in 100% of the positive cases and only 73,1 % when negative (P=0,004). There was no statistic difference regarding the experience of the endoscopy professional. Only 80 patients had the number of punctures written down and it was noticed that there is better performance as the number of punctures was increased. The definitive histopathologycal diagnosis of pancreatic neoplasia occurred in only 41(29,7 %) patients. CONCLUSIONS: Regarding mass characteristics, when larger is the mass, larger is the positivity of the method; the location didn't correlate with higher positivity; when the lymph nodes were present, there was a tendency to positivity; concerning the number of punctures, the higher number, higher positivity; in relationship to the professional experience in endoscopy, there was no difference in the rate of positivity of the puncture of the solid pancreatic mass.

Keywords : Solid pancreatic mass; Echoendoscopy; Puncture.

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