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Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais

versão impressa ISSN 0102-6909versão On-line ISSN 1806-9053

Resumo

MIGUEL, Luis Felipe. Post-socialism utopias: patterns and plans of radically reorganizing society. Rev. bras. Ci. Soc. [online]. 2006, vol.21, n.61, pp.91-114. ISSN 1806-9053.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-69092006000200005.

This article analyzes utopian proposals presented in the last decades that devise alternatives to capitalism in face of the failure of Socialism. None of them attains the centrality that Socialism had, which is less a sign of their theoretical weakness than it is a sign of the absence of connections towards social movements. Four proposals are discussed: market Socialism (Roemer), which attempts to combine market "efficiency" and the guarantee of real equality; the society of liberated time (Gorz), which will realize the aims of Marx?s developed Communism; basic income (Van Parijs), that could also universalize the possibility of disposing free time; and the lottery society (Goodwin), in which chance would distribute all social goods. As a counterpoint, it is discussed also the anarcho-capitalist utopia, which foresees the absorption of all State functions by market.

Palavras-chave : Utopia; Socialism; Market; Freedom; Equality.

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