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Psicologia & Sociedade

On-line version ISSN 1807-0310

Abstract

SALVARO, Giovana Ilka Jacinto; LAGO, Mara Coelho de Souza  and  WOLFF, Cristina Scheibe. "Women farmers" and "rural women": gender struggles, political identities and subjectivities. Psicol. Soc. [online]. 2013, vol.25, n.1, pp.79-89. ISSN 1807-0310.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-71822013000100010.

In this article, we seek comment on subjects and subjectivities in the construction of political identities, "women farmers" and "rural women", analyzed in research on a social movement of rural women in the period 2006-2010. The research used the ethnographic model, with interviews, monitoring and observation activities. We also analyzed documents produced by the movement t in the period 1994-2008. In this investigation it was necessary to deal with a major policy change occurred in 2004: the unification of different movements and rural self-employed women and the creation of a national movement. In the study area, this unification was rejected by some women and accepted by others, showing rough games, production of subjects and subjectivities. The identity positions triggered mobilized/trigger speeches approaching feminist essentialist conceptions, but also indicate strategies of fighting, in which the assertion of difference is the very condition for political action.

Keywords : movement of rural women; gender struggles; political identities; subjectivities.

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