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Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery

versão impressa ISSN 0102-7638

Resumo

SOBRAL, Marcelo Luiz Peixoto et al. Improvement in cardioplegic perfusion technique in single aortic clamping - initial results. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2014, vol.29, n.2, pp.229-235. ISSN 0102-7638.  https://doi.org/10.5935/1678-9741.20140026.

Introduction:

The most common method used for myocardial protection is administering cardioplegic solution in the coronary circulation. Nevertheless, protection may be achieved by intermittent perfusion of the coronary system with patient's own blood. The intermittent perfusion may be performed by multiple sequences of clamping and opening of the aortic clamp or due single clamping and accessory cannulation of the aortic root as in the improved technique proposed in this study, reperfusion without the need for multiple clamping of the aorta.

Objective:

To evaluate the clinical outcome and the occurrence of neurological events in in-hospital patients submitted to myocardial revascularization surgery with the "improved technique" of intermittent perfusion of the aortic root with single clamping.

Methods:

This is a prospective, cross-sectional, observational study that describes a myocardial management technique that consists of intermittent perfusion of the aortic root with single clamping in which 50 patients (mean age 58.5±7.19 years old) have been submitted to the myocardial revasculrization surgery under the proposed technique. Clinical and laboratory variables, pre- and post-surgery, have been assessed.

Results:

The mean peak level of post-surgery CKMB was 51.64±27.10 U/L in the second post-surgery and of troponin I was 3.35±4.39 ng/ml in the fourth post-surgery, within normal limits. No deaths have occurred and one patient presented mild neurological disorder. Hemodynamic monitoring has not indicated any changes.

Conclusion:

The myocardial revascularization surgery by perfusion with the improved technique with intermittent aortic root with single clamping proved to be safe, enabling satisfactory clinical results.

Palavras-chave : Anastomosis, surgical; Thoracic Surgery; Cardiopulmonary Bypass; Myocardial Reperfusion Injury.

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