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Contexto Internacional

Print version ISSN 0102-8529On-line version ISSN 1982-0240

Abstract

NOLTE, Detlef  and  COMINI, Nicolás Matías. UNASUR: Regional Pluralism as a Strategic Outcome. Contexto int. [online]. 2016, vol.38, n.2, pp.545-565. ISSN 1982-0240.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-8529.2016380200002.

South America features a very particular regional architecture, one which is characterised by the proliferation and overlapping of regional organisations, with UNASUR at the centre. UNASUR is an intergovernmental organisation with no supranational institutions. The article will argue that institutional flexibility, which is both a core element of South American regionalism and a specific institutional feature of UNASUR, corresponds with the key interests of the founding members of this organisation. Based on this assumption, the article will analyse the strategies and policies of the various Argentinean governments during the period when UNASUR was created (1999–2008). It will differentiate between a ‘uniaxial’ regional integration approach structured around one thematic axis and a ‘multiaxial’ approach evolving along multiple axes in parallel; it will also ask to what extent the new regional architecture corresponds to the core interests of that country. For the Argentinean government, it was important to ensure that UNASUR would not constrain its foreign policy options. The result was the variable geometry codified in the UNASUR Constitutive Treaty.

Keywords : Regionalism; Integration; UNASUR; South America; Argentina.

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