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Contexto Internacional

Print version ISSN 0102-8529On-line version ISSN 1982-0240

Abstract

RIBEIRO, Maria Clotilde. Brazilian Science and Technology Policy and the Case of Embrapa Semiarid. Contexto int. [online]. 2016, vol.38, n.2, pp.685-710. ISSN 1982-0240.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-8529.2016380200008.

This study focuses on Brazil’s international co-operation in science and technology (S&T), notably technical transfers to the semiarid branch of the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa) from the early 1990s onwards. It is based on interviews with Embrapa personnel, as well as literature and documentary reviews. It starts by outlining a conceptual framework. Next, it examines Brazil’s Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) policy, and compares this policy and actual S&T co-operation initiatives in order to establish whether they converge or diverge. The co-operation in question involved a diversified agenda aimed at meeting global demands, encompassing issues such as the green economy, clean and renewable energy, climate change and desertification, species extinction threats, social technologies, and biodiversity. The study shows that international collaboration in the period under review largely conformed with Brazil’s STI policy. However, it identifies some gaps and areas of concern, notably a degree of fragmentation between the macro and micro levels of co-operation, which should be effectively managed if S&T collaboration is to consolidate Brazil’s international role and its geo-political interests.

Keywords : International Co-operation in Science and Technology; Science and Technology Policy; Agriculture; Innovation.

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