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Contexto Internacional

Print version ISSN 0102-8529On-line version ISSN 1982-0240

Abstract

DELGADO, Ana Carolina. The TIPNIS Conflict in Bolivia. Contexto int. [online]. 2017, vol.39, n.2, pp.373-392.  Epub May 08, 2017. ISSN 1982-0240.  https://doi.org/10.1590/s0102-8529.2017390200009.

Soon after the formation of the Plurinational State of Bolivia in 2009, the Isiboro Sécure National Park and Indigenous Territory (TIPNIS) became the epicentre of a conflict over the construction of a road, initiated by Evo Morales’s administration, that would run through the park. Initially undertaken by the Brazilian company OAS, and funded by the Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES), the project was justified on the grounds that it would link the departments of Beni and Cochabamba, and bring development to an isolated locality. However, indigenous peoples from the lowlands opposed the scheme, and, together with their counterparts in the Andean region, organised a march that was violently dispersed by the Bolivian armed forces. In this article, I analyse the political processes in this Andean country, notably the reconfiguration of power from 2011 onwards, in parallel with economic measures adopted by the government. I conclude with observations about the relation between the national and regional spheres, arguing that indigenous repression forms part of a new developmentalist agenda.

Keywords : TIPNIS; Decolonisation; Political Forces; Indigenous Movements; Extractivism; Bolivia.

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