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Acta Cirurgica Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0102-8650On-line version ISSN 1678-2674

Abstract

UDELSMANN, Artur  and  MELO, Marcos De Simone. Hemodynamic changes with two lipid emulsions for treatment of bupivacaine toxicity in swines. Acta Cir. Bras. [online]. 2015, vol.30, n.2, pp.87-93. ISSN 1678-2674.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-86502015002000001.

PURPOSE:

To compare the hemodynamic changes following two different lipid emulsion therapies after bupivacaine intoxication in swines.

METHODS:

Large White pigs were anesthetized with thiopental, tracheal intubation performed and mechanical ventilation instituted. Hemodynamic variables were recorded with invasive pressure monitoring and pulmonary artery catheterization (Swan-Ganz catheter). After a 30-minute resting period, 5 mg.kg-1 of bupivacaine by intravenous injection was administered and new hemodynamic measures were performed 1 minute later; the animals were than randomly divided into three groups and received 4 ml.kg-1 of one of the two different lipid emulsion with standard long-chaim triglyceride, or mixture of long and medium-chain triglyceride, or saline solution. Hemodynamic changes were then re-evaluated at 5, 10, 15, 20 and 30 minutes.

RESULTS:

Bupivacaine intoxication caused fall in arterial blood pressure, cardiac index, ventricular systolic work index mainly and no important changes in vascular resistances. Both emulsion improved arterial blood pressure mainly increasing vascular resistance since the cardiac index had no significant improvement. On the systemic circulation the hemodynamic results were similar with both lipid emulsions.

CONCLUSION:

Both lipid emulsions were efficient and similar options to reverse hypotension in cases of bupivacaine toxicity.

Keywords : Anesthesia, Local; Bupivacaine; Fat Emulsions, Intravenous; Hemodynamics; Swine.

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