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Revista Paulista de Pediatria

versão impressa ISSN 0103-0582

Resumo

BARBOSA, Lisiane De Rosa; GOMES, Erissandra  e  FISCHER, Gilberto Bueno. Clinical signs of dysphagia in infants with acute viral bronchiolitis. Rev. paul. pediatr. [online]. 2014, vol.32, n.3, pp.157-163. ISSN 0103-0582.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-0582201432302.

Objective:

To determine the occurrence of clinical signs of dysphagia in infants with acute viral bronchiolitis, to compare the respiratory parameters during deglutition, and to ensure the intra- and inter- examiners agreement, as well as to accomplish intra and interexaminators concordance of the clinical evaluation of the deglutition.

Methods:

This was a cross-sectional study of 42 infants aged 0-12 months. The clinical evaluation was accompanied by measurements of respiratory rate and pulse oximetry. A score of swallowing disorders was designed to establish associations with other studied variables and to ensure the intra- and interrater agreement of clinical feeding assessments. Caregivers also completed a questionnaire about feeding difficulties. Significance was set at p<0.05.

Results:

Changes in the oral phase (prolonged pauses) and pharyngeal phase (wheezing, coughing and gagging) of swallowing were found. A significant increase in respiratory rate between pre- and post-feeding times was found, and it was determined that almost half of the infants had tachypnea. An association was observed between the swallowing disorder scores and a decrease in oxygen saturation. Infants whose caregivers reported feeding difficulties during hospitalization stated a significantly greater number of changes in the swallowing evaluation. The intra-rater agreement was considered to be very good.

Conclusions:

Infants with acute viral bronchiolitis displayed swallowing disorders in addition to changes in respiratory rate and measures of oxygen saturation. It is suggested, therefore, that infants displaying these risk factors have a higher probability of dysphagia.

Palavras-chave : Bronchiolitis; Deglutition; Deglutition disorders; Infant.

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