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Revista Paulista de Pediatria

Print version ISSN 0103-0582On-line version ISSN 1984-0462

Abstract

REZENDE, Bárbara Antunes; LEMOS, Stela Maris Aguiar  and  MEDEIROS, Adriane Mesquita de. QUALITY OF LIFE AND HEALTH SELF-PERCEPTION IN CHILDREN WITH POOR SCHOOL PERFORMANCE. Rev. paul. pediatr. [online]. 2017, vol.35, n.4, pp.415-421. ISSN 1984-0462.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1984-0462/;2017;35;4;00009.

Objective:

To examine the association between quality of life and health self-perception of children with poor school performance, considering sociodemographic factors.

Methods:

An analytical, observational, cross-sectional study was conducted with 99 children aged 7 to 12 years receiving specialized educational assistance. Parents and legal guardians answered questions concerning the sociodemographic profile. For an assessment of the quality of life and proposed domains (autonomy, functioning, leisure, and family), the children completed the Autoquestionnarie Qualité de Vie Enfant Imagé (AUQEI) and answered a question concerning their self-perceived health. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression, considering a 5% significance level.

Results:

Among the evaluated children, 69 (69.7%) male participants with mean age of 8.7±1.5, 27% self-assessed their health status as poor/very poor, and 36.4% of the children reported having impaired quality of life. As for the domains assessed by AUQEI, there was statistical significance in the associations between family with age, autonomy with economic classification, and leisure and functioning with self-perceived health.

Conclusions:

The quality of life of children with academic underachievement is associated with their health self-perception and sociodemographic characteristics.

Keywords : Quality of life; Underachievement; Self-concept; Child; Speech-language pathology.

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