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vol.36 número3MUTAÇÕES DO GENE DO RECEPTOR DE VITAMINA D E NÍVEIS SÉRICOS DE VITAMINA D EM CRIANÇAS COM ASMACONTEÚDO DE GORDURA E ENERGIA NO COLOSTRO: EFEITO DA IDADE GESTACIONAL E DO CRESCIMENTO FETAL índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Revista Paulista de Pediatria

versão impressa ISSN 0103-0582versão On-line ISSN 1984-0462

Resumo

MAGALHAES, Elma Izze da Silva et al. HIERARCHICAL ANALYSIS OF THE FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH ANEMIA IN INFANTS. Rev. paul. pediatr. [online]. 2018, vol.36, n.3, pp.275-285. ISSN 1984-0462.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1984-0462/;2018;36;3;00013.

Objective:

To evaluate the prevalence of anemia and the associated factors in infants assisted in health units of Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, Northeast Brazil.

Methods:

Cross-sectional study with a representative sample of 366 children aged 6 to 23 months. A questionnaire was applied to the caregiver, and the children’s anthropometric measurements and hemoglobin levels were collected. The associations were identified by Poisson regression with robust variances based on a hierarchical analysis model.

Results:

The prevalence of anemia was 26.8%, and the associated factors were: family income equal to or lower than one minimum wage (PR: 1.50; 95%CI 1.03-2.18), number of household members higher than five (PR: 1.50; 95%CI 1.07-2.11), use of unfiltered water (PR: 1.68; 95%CI 1.11-2.56), number of offspring higher than three (PR: 1.64; 95%CI 1.01-2.68), consumption of meat and/or viscera less than once/week (PR: 1.78; 95%CI 1.24-2.58) and age 6-11 months (PR: 1.75; 95%CI 1.20-2.55).

Conclusions:

Anemia in the infants assessed is a moderate public health problem, which is associated with socioeconomic, demographic, and dietary factors; thus, measures are necessary for its prevention.

Palavras-chave : Anemia; Infant; Social class; Iron, dietary; Risk factors.

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