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Acta Paulista de Enfermagem

Print version ISSN 0103-2100On-line version ISSN 1982-0194


CAVALLAZZI, Tatiane G. de Liz et al. Evaluation of the use of the Modified Scale of Borg in the asthmatic crisis. Acta paul. enferm. [online]. 2005, vol.18, n.1, pp.39-45. ISSN 1982-0194.

The dyspnea is the biggest cause of incapacity and reduction of the quality of life for patients with respiratory illnesses as it is the case of the asthma. Being thus, the respiratory difficulty is probably the more important isolated factor in the limitation of the capacity of the individual in the basic functions of day-by-day, making with that this looks the health services. The objective of this study was to verify the degree of dyspnea of the patients in asthmatic crisis for the scored on the Modif Borg Scale and the correlation of improvement of the degree of dyspnea for the same one with the improvement of the pulmonary function verified by Peak expiratory Flow (PEF). A total of 40 asthmatic patients in acute crisis taken care of in the service of Attendance in Pneumologia of the São Paulo Hospital, were included, in the period of september to the december of 2003. Before and after the clinical treatment, the subsequent data were colected: cardiac rate (FC), respiratory rate (FR), PEF and peripherical oxygen saturation (SpO2) and the patient was questionado about your perception of the dyspnea for the Modif Borg Scale. The punctuation of this scale varies of 0 the 10 (of none to the dyspnea highest). The results had pointed a trend of the high values of the Modif Scale of Borg to be related to the low values of PEF in the daily pay-treatment, inverting this relation in the post-cure. This scale in them seemed a fast, cheap additional instrument and of easy applicability in the evaluation of asthmatic patients, being able to be used by health professionals who carry through the initial evaluation of the patients in crisis as well as its reply to the treatment.

Keywords : Nursing; Pulmonary disease; Dyspnea; Asthma.

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