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vol.31 número63CIDADANIZAÇÃO E ETNOGÊNESES NO BRASIL: APONTAMENTOS A UMA REFLEXÃO SOBRE AS EMERGÊNCIAS POLÍTICAS E SOCIAIS DOS POVOS INDÍGENAS NA SEGUNDA METADE DO SÉCULO XX índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Estudos Históricos (Rio de Janeiro)

versão impressa ISSN 0103-2186versão On-line ISSN 2178-1494

Resumo

SOARES, Flávia Cristina  e  RIBEIRO, Ludmila Mendonça Lopes. Labeling and Police Selectivity: obstacles to the institutionalization of democracy in Brazil. Estud. hist. (Rio J.) [online]. 2018, vol.31, n.63, pp.89-108. ISSN 2178-1494.  https://doi.org/10.1590/s2178-14942018000100006.

Through the perspective of the labeling theory, this paper presents a review of the studies produced in Brazil, about the functioning of the criminal justice system, with an emphasis on police actions. The literature review indicates that young, black and poor individuals are the most susceptible to be labeled as criminals by the police and the judiciary, institutionalizing the disjunctive citizenship. The results enabled us to conclude that there is a mismatch between the ideal of democracy and the reality built through the institutions that are in charge of the production of justice in the country, contributing to the reification of social inequalities, a fact that hinders the development of democracy in the country.

Palavras-chave : Labeling theory; Democracy; Institutions; Criminal justice system.

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