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Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society

Print version ISSN 0103-5053On-line version ISSN 1678-4790

Abstract

MACHADO, Mauro C. S. et al. Particle-associated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and their dry deposition fluxes from a bus-station in the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area, Brazil. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2009, vol.20, n.9, pp.1565-1573. ISSN 1678-4790.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532009000900002.

Total particulate matter and PM10 samples were collected from August 2006 to February 2007 in Mayor José Carlos Lacerda bus station. 16 priority PAHs compounds emitted by heavy-duty vehicles on typical conditions of operation were analyzed by using GC/MS. ΣPAH accounted for 0.0018% of the TSP mass and 0.0012% of the PM10 mass. Total PAH contents on the particle phase were 3.57 ng m-3 and 2.59 ng m-3 for TSP and PM10, respectively. Contributions of carcinogenic USEPA priority PAHs (B[a]An, B[b]F, B[k]F, B[a]Py, IPy and DB[ah]A) were 1.86 ng m-3 (52% of total PAHs) and 1.40 ng m-3 (54% of total PAHs), for TSP and PM10 samples, respectively. Diagnostic ratios and multivariate statistical analysis were, in general, similar to those reported for soil dust except for the Flt/Flt+Py) ratio, 0.34, compatible with diesel emissions. Dry deposition fluxes were in the range of 0.022-0.603 and 0.016-0.436 μg m-2 day-1 for compounds in TSP and PM10, respectively.

Keywords : polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; TSP; PM10; diagnostic ratios; bus station; dry deposition; diesel emissions.

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