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Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society

Print version ISSN 0103-5053On-line version ISSN 1678-4790


DAEMME, Luiz C. et al. Emissions of Criteria and Non-Criteria Pollutants by a Flex-Fuel Motorcycle. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2016, vol.27, n.12, pp.2192-2202. ISSN 1678-4790.

While criteria pollutants have established emission limits for motorcycles in Brazil, aldehydes limits have not been established and conclusive studies have not been found in the existing literature, despite the growing number of motorcycles using flex fuel in Brazil. This work presents results for the emissions of criteria pollutants, such as carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides, acetaldehyde and formaldehyde. The motorcycle was tested with 22, 61, and 100% of ethanol in gasoline blends. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were used to determine the pre- and post-catalytic converter emissions. Aldehyde emissions directly increased with the ethanol content in the fuel blend. The tailpipe aldehyde emissions for 22, 61, and 100% of ethanol in gasoline were 3.9, 8.5, and 38.8 mg km-1, respectively. These results demonstrated that aldehyde emissions in motorcycles are not negligible, and higher emissions are observed during the cold phase of the engine.

Keywords : vehicular; emission; aldehyde; motorcycle; flex fuel.

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