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Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society

Print version ISSN 0103-5053On-line version ISSN 1678-4790

Abstract

GUARIEIRO, Aline L. N.; EIGUREN-FERNANDEZ, Arantzazu; ROCHA, Gisele O. da  and  ANDRADE, Jailson B. de. An Investigation on Morphology and Fractal Dimension of Diesel and Diesel-Biodiesel Soot Agglomerates. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2017, vol.28, n.8, pp.1351-1362. ISSN 1678-4790.  https://doi.org/10.21577/0103-5053.20160306.

In this study, it is reported the fractal dimension and morphology of ultrafine particles emitted by a diesel engine run with B4, B50, and B100. Transmission electron micrographs evidenced two main groups of particles with characteristic and distinct morphological behaviors: (i) particle agglomerate structures self-organized within a fractal-like geometry, and (ii) amorphous and irregular particles with diffuse edges in a liquid-like particle appearance, mainly associated with some sub-fractions of samples collected from B50 and B100 combustion. Particles from (i) showed typical diesel soot morphology and fractal dimension. Primary particle diameter (Dpp) was 24 ± 4 nm, 23 ± 4 nm, and 20 ± 4 nm for B4, B50, and B100, respectively. Mean aggregate gyration diameters (Dg) ranged from 242 ± 140 nm for B4, 210 ± 135 nm for B50, and to 232 ± 140 nm for B100. In turn, fractal dimensions (Df) were 1.94, 1.89, and 1.99 for B4, B50, and B100, respectively. On the other hand, particle from (ii) had their morphology impaired from the addition of biodiesel to petrodiesel in a way it did not follow a fractal geometry.

Keywords : nanoparticles; morphology; fractal dimension; biodiesel/diesel emissions; soot agglomerates.

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