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Fisioterapia em Movimento

versão impressa ISSN 0103-5150versão On-line ISSN 1980-5918

Resumo

OLIVEIRA, Renata Aparecida Rodrigues de et al. Biochemical, anthropometric and blood pressure variables as indicators of cardiovascular risk on public employees. Fisioter. mov. [online]. 2013, vol.26, n.2, pp.369-377. ISSN 1980-5918.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-51502013000200014.

INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases have been identified as the main cause of morbidity and mortality in Brazil and in the world. OBJECTIVE: To verify the prevalence of cardiovascular factors risk (CFR) over university employees, through the use of biochemical, anthropometric and blood pressure variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participated of the study 107 technical-administrative employees of Universidade Federal de Viçosa, in 2010, with the average age of 46,1 ± 10,4 years old. The analyzed parameters ware: level of body mass (BLM), waist-hip ratio (WHR), systolic arterial pressure (SAP), diastolic arterial pressure (DAP), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL- C) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C). The data analysis was to calculate the prevalence of the variables studied. For all statistical treatments was adopted p < 0.05 as significance level. RESULTS: It was found 45% of over-weight (BLM ≥ 25.0 kg/m2), 20% of population showed higher WHR (≥ 0.85 for women and ≥ 0.95 for men) , the blood pressure was also high (SAP ≥ 140 mmHg; DAP ≥ 90mmHg) in 24% of evaluated, the TC obtained 49% of high values (> 199 mg/dL), triglycerides showed 23% of changed values (> 149 mg/dL), although the LDL-C were found 31% of values over 129 mg/dL, and 30% of evaluated showed low values of HDL-C (< 40 mg/dL). It was possible to observe that just 18.6% evaluated did not show any CFR analyzed, taking in consideration that almost half of employees are in the level of 2 to 4 CFR. CONCLUSION: It was verified an increased percentage of CFR over the university employees. Among the analyzed variables it is possible to verify that the over-weight, TC, low levels of HDL-C and high of LDL-C were the most prevalent CFR.

Palavras-chave : Epidemiology; Public health; Chronic disease; Cardiovascular system.

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