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Nova Economia

versão impressa ISSN 0103-6351versão On-line ISSN 1980-5381

Resumo

GONCALVES, Eduardo; SALDANHA, Raphael de Freitas; ALMEIDA, Eduardo  e  SILVA, André Suriane da. Growth of local industrial employment in Brazil: does the degree of specialization by technological intensity matter?. Nova econ. [online]. 2019, vol.29, n.1, pp.41-74.  Epub 09-Maio-2019. ISSN 1980-5381.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-6351/3301.

The aim of this paper is to revisit the debate on the degree of specialization and industrial diversification and the growth of local manufacturing employment in Brazil. A matrix of sectoral spillovers is built in which it is verified whether sectors, grouped by technological intensity, influence the performance of disaggregated manufacturing groups. Spatial data panel techniques are used to control non-observed local effects and possible spatial dependence over the period 1995-2014. The results show that specializations in low-technology manufacturing groups create stimulus for several other manufacturing groups regardless of the level of technological intensity. The spillovers coming from high technology manufacturing industries are less frequent, though they also occur depending on the industrial manufacturing group considered. In general, sectors of higher and lower technological intensity flourish with the presence of MAR externalities. We conclude that the diversification/specialization debate can vary considerably, requiring specific industrial and regional policies by manufacturing industries.

Palavras-chave : specialization; diversification; industrial technological intensity; inter-sectoral and spatial spillovers; Brazil.

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