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Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva

versión On-line ISSN 1809-4481

Resumen

ZAMBENEDETTI, Gustavo  y  SILVA, Rosane Azevedo Neves da. Decentralization of health care to HIV-AIDS for primary care: tensions and potentialities. Physis [online]. 2016, vol.26, n.3, pp.785-806. ISSN 1809-4481.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0103-73312016000300005.

In this article, we seek to identify and discuss the tensions that permeate the diagnosis decentralization process for HIV and health care to people living with HIV-AIDS for primary care. A qualitative base research was conducted under the institutional analytical bias in Porto Alegre-RS, Brazil. The analysis considered data relating to crop focus groups with teams of a basic health unit, interview with the municipal coordinator of STD and AIDS policy, with matricial professional of decentralization actions in HIV-Aids and local health counselor. Issues have been identified that tension the process: incomplete teams and staff turnover; distrust of the rapid test; perception of work overload; aspects related to counseling and diagnostic communication. Among the aspects that tense positively to the realization of the process, we have identified: sensitivity to epidemiological data; working perspective on principles of SUS and family health; training and matrix support. We conclude that the process of decentralization involves a subjective mobilization of workers and their execution has better conditions to occur when the responsibility is shared instead of transferred to another place. The analysis can help managers and workers involved in similar cases.

Palabras clave : Primary Health Care; HIV; decentralization; comprehensive health care; institutional analysis.

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