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Ciência Rural

Print version ISSN 0103-8478On-line version ISSN 1678-4596


NEGREIROS, Rísia Lopes et al. Spatial clustering analysis of the foot-and-mouth disease outbreaks in Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil - 2005. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2009, vol.39, n.9, pp.2609-2613.  Epub Oct 16, 2009. ISSN 1678-4596.

In the southern region of Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil, a foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) epidemic started in September 2005. A total of 33 outbreaks were detected and 33,741 FMD-susceptible animals were slaughtered and destroyed. There were no reports of FMD cases in other species than bovines. Based on the data of this epidemic, it was carried out an analysis using the K-function and it was observed spatial clustering of outbreaks within a range of 25km. This observation may be related to the dynamics of foot-and-mouth disease spread and to the measures undertaken to control the disease dissemination. The control measures were effective once the disease did not spread to farms more than 47 km apart from the initial outbreaks.

Keywords : foot-and-mouth disease; spatial clustering analysis; cattle; epidemiology; Brazil.

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