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Ciência Rural

versão On-line ISSN 1678-4596

Resumo

COSTA, Lucas Cavalcante da et al. Vase life and rehydration capacity of dry-stored gladiolus flowers at low temperature. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2017, vol.47, n.2, 20160139.  Epub 12-Dez-2016. ISSN 1678-4596.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr20160139.

Normally, it is not recommended the conditioning of gladiolus stems in water during storage or transport. Hydration of petals may accelerate flower opening, even at a low temperature, which compromises quality at marketing moment. However, for this species, neither the effect of prolonged dry cold storage nor its behavior when transferred to water at room temperature has been evaluated. The present study aimed to evaluate the vase life and the rehydration capacity of gladiolus flowers ( Gladiolus grandiflora Hort.) after dry storage at low temperature. Flower stems of cultivars Blue Frost, Gold Field, Traderhorn, and Jester were dry-stored at a temperature of 5 ± 1 ºC and relative humidity of 85% for 12, 24, 36, and 48h. Control stems remained always in deionized water. After storage, they were returned to the water at room temperature and evaluated for vase life (adopting the discard criterion when 50% of the basal flowers displayed loss of color and wilting), fresh weight change (%), water uptake rate and transpiration rate, as well as relative water content of the petals (%). In dry cold storage conditions, for up to 36h, the vase life was not affected although incomplete rehydration of the flowers. Rehydration capacity of the stem is linked to the staggered opening of flowers along the inflorescence.

Palavras-chave : Gladiolus grandiflora (Hort.); dry storage; cold storage; vase life; relative water content.

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