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Scientia Agricola

On-line version ISSN 1678-992X

Abstract

GILLESPIE, Terry James  and  SENTELHAS, Paulo Cesar. Agrometeorology and plant disease management: a happy marriage. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) [online]. 2008, vol.65, n.spe, pp.71-75. ISSN 1678-992X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90162008000700012.

Many plant disease outbreaks are triggered by suitably warm temperatures during periods of leaf wetness. Measurements or estimations of leaf wetness duration provided by Agrometeorologists have allowed Plant Pathologists to devise weather timed spray schemes which often reduce the number of sprays required to control plant diseases, thus lowering costs and benefitting the environment. In the near future, tools such as numerical weather models with small grid spacings, and improved weather radar, are expected to reduce the need for tight networks of surface observations. The weather models will also provide growers with forecast warnings of potential upcoming disease outbreaks, which will further enhance the contribution of agrometeorology to plant disease management.

Keywords : leaf wetness duration; temperature; disease warning systems.

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