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Scientia Agricola

versão On-line ISSN 1678-992X

Resumo

ALMEIDA, Luciana Wilhelm de et al. In-row spacing and shoot thinning for ‘Chardonnay’ grapevines in the south of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) [online]. 2020, vol.77, n.6, e20180185.  Epub 24-Jan-2020. ISSN 1678-992X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-992x-2018-0185.

The quality of sparkling wine reflects the climate and management of vineyard, since these factors affect grape development, berry composition, and base wine composition. ‘Chardonnay’ vines were subjected to five in-row spacing distances (0.5; 0.75; 1.0; 1.50; and 2.0 m) combined with and without shoot thinning. For each in-row spacing, vines were thinned to 5, 8, 10, 15, and 20 shoots per plant. Vegetative growth, yield, berry composition and base wine composition were analyzed for two years. Vines with decreased in-row spacing, presented fewer clusters and malic acid content in berries, mostly related to the shading effect. Shoot thinning increased bud fruitfulness and decreased leaf area per meter, leaf area per plant, and leaf layer number. In-row spacing from 1.5 m to 0.5 m showed promising results for the Southeast Brazil with higher yield per hectare and sufficient acidity to provide freshness in sparkling wines.

Palavras-chave : Vitis vinifera; vine spacing; canopy management; grape quality; sparkling wine.

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