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Economia e Sociedade

Print version ISSN 0104-0618On-line version ISSN 1982-3533

Abstract

MAIA, Alexandre Gori  and  SAKAMOTO, Arthur. Occupational structure and socioeconomic inequality: a comparative study between Brazil and the United States. Econ. soc. [online]. 2015, vol.24, n.2, pp.229-261. ISSN 1982-3533.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-3533.2015v24n2art1.

This paper explores how occupational structure is associated with economic inequality in Brazil in comparison to the United States. Changes in the Brazilian and American occupational structures between 1983 and 2011 are investigated in order to assess how closely they generate high socioeconomic inequalities. The effects of education, age, gender and race on occupational attainment are taken into account. Highlights of the results include: (1) a higher level of socioeconomic development in the American occupational structure, reflecting huge socioeconomic differences between these countries; (2) a tenuous convergence between the Brazilian and American occupational structures; (3) a significant decrease in the net impacts of education, age, gender and race on occupational attainment (i.e., reduced social stratification) in both countries. These results suggest the analytical worth of considering occupational structure as a significant intermediate variable affecting the level of socioeconomic inequality within a country over time, as well as between two countries at a given point in time.

Keywords : Occupations; Inequality; Labor market; Social stratification; Multinomial logistic model.

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