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Economia e Sociedade

versão impressa ISSN 0104-0618versão On-line ISSN 1982-3533

Resumo

METRI, Mauricio. Geopolitics and monetary diplomacy: the global dollar system of taxation and the international economy’s de-dollarization initiatives. Econ. soc. [online]. 2020, vol.29, n.3, pp.719-736.  Epub 14-Dez-2020. ISSN 1982-3533.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-3533.2020v29n3art02.

In the international context of intensifying rivalries among great powers, the international monetary system, based on the dollar and globalized in the post-Cold War era, has been questioned and tackled. The aim of this paper is to analyze: the origins and how this system works; the US monetary and financial power, expressed by the US’s huge funding and spending capacity; and the most recent reactions from other countries in order to de-dollarize the international economy. It is concluded that the United States has built a system of global taxation based on the dollar; in addition, some recent initiatives of de-dollarization have attacked the bases of US monetary diplomacy since the Second World War.

Palavras-chave : Geopolitic; Monetary Diplomacy; United States; Dollar and Renminbi.

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