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Saúde e Sociedade

versão impressa ISSN 0104-1290versão On-line ISSN 1984-0470

Resumo

NORMAN, Armando Henrique; HUNTER, David J.  e  RUSSELL, Andrew J.. Linking high-risk preventive strategy to biomedical-industry market: implications for public health. Saude soc. [online]. 2017, vol.26, n.3, pp.638-650. ISSN 1984-0470.  https://doi.org/10.1590/s0104-12902017172682.

This paper takes Geoffrey Rose’s concepts on preventive strategy as the basis for theoretical framework to critically analyse the current approach to disease prevention. Rose’s “continuum of risk and severity” has widened the scope for preventive actions and underpins two approaches: high-risk strategy (HRS) and population strategy (PS). Both of them produce paradoxes: HRS, despite having a good harm-benefit ratio, offers little impact on public health; PS has greater impact on public health, but offers minimal benefit at individual level. We argue that HRS is being misapplied by reducing cut-off points for preventive interventions to impact morbimortality attributed to specific diseases. This tends to medicalize prevention, producing more disease related phenomena through screening techniques, and inducing individual affective reactions, which require action in the present to secure better future health. This context has paved the way for speculative preventive medicine, which perceives health as a commodity but ignores its implications for public health services.

Palavras-chave : Disease Prevention; Public Health; Quaternary Prevention; Medicalization; Commodification; Evidence-Based Medicine.

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