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Polímeros

versão impressa ISSN 0104-1428

Resumo

PASSADOR, Fabio R. et al. HDPE/LLDPE blend-based nanocomposites - part I: evaluation of thermo-mechanical properties and weathering resistance. Polímeros [online]. 2013, vol.23, n.4, pp.521-530.  Epub 26-Jul-2013. ISSN 0104-1428.  https://doi.org/10.4322/polimeros.2013.056.

Nanocomposites from high density polyethylene/ linear low density polyethylene (HDPE/LLDPE) blends were prepared at the melt state in an extruder, using HDPE-g-MA as compatibilizer agent. The structural characterization was performed through wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results showed that adding the compatibilizer induced formation of a predominant intercalated microstructure. Dynamic-mechanical studies showed that the addition of the compatibilizer increases the interactions between the nanoclay surface and the polyolefin matrix. The weathering conditions affected the mechanical behavior of HDPE/LLDPE blend-based nanocomposites. Both treatments performed in hot water and in a forced convection air oven provided the relief of residual stresses in the polymer matrix, while the treatment in an accelerated aging chamber provided the formation of carbonyl groups that lead to a decreased degree of crystallinity and elastic modulus of the nanocomposites.

Palavras-chave : Nanocomposites; HDPE/LLDPE; weathering.

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