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Polímeros

versão impressa ISSN 0104-1428versão On-line ISSN 1678-5169

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FIGUEIREDO, Katia Cecília de Souza et al. Immobilization of myoglobin in sodium alginate composite membranes. Polímeros [online]. 2015, vol.25, n.3, pp.265-270. ISSN 1678-5169.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0104-1428.1818.

The immobilization of myoglobin in sodium alginate films was investigated with the aim of evaluating the protein stability in an ionic polymeric matrix. Myoglobin was chosen due to the resemblance to each hemoglobin tetramer. Sodium alginate, being a natural polysaccharide, was selected as the polymeric matrix because of its chemical structure and film-forming ability. To improve the mechanical resistance of sodium alginate films, the polymer was deposited over the surface of a cellulose acetate support by means of ultrafiltration. The ionic crosslink of sodium alginate was investigated by calcium ions. Composite membrane characterization comprised water swelling tests, water flux, SEM images and UV-visible spectroscopy. The electrostatic interaction between the protein and the polysaccharide did not damage the UV-visible pattern of native myoglobin. A good affinity between sodium alginate and cellulose acetate was observed. The top layer of the dense composite membrane successfully immobilized Myoglobin, retaining the native UV-visible pattern for two months.

Palavras-chave : myoglobin; sodium alginate; immobilization; composite membrane; cellulose acetate.

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