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Polímeros

Print version ISSN 0104-1428On-line version ISSN 1678-5169

Abstract

ANTUNES, Lucas Fiamenghi; SIMON, Douglas Alexandre; FIORIO, Rudinei  and  FRANCISQUETTI, Edson. Effects of polyether siloxane surfactant on the hydrophilic capacity of polypropylene films. Polímeros [online]. 2019, vol.29, n.4, e2019048.  Epub Apr 06, 2020. ISSN 1678-5169.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0104-1428.06518.

To evaluate the hydrophilic capacity, polypropylene and surfactant (polyether siloxane) samples were extruded in the proportions of 0.0, 0.5, 1.0 and 3.0 (wt%) and films were obtained in a heated press. The samples were submitted to measurements of contact angle, surface tension, melt flow index and surface roughness. The results indicated that increasing surfactant content promoted better wettability and consequently higher hydrophilicity. Using water, the increase in the surfactant content reduced the contact angle (92.58° to 68.10°) and increased the surface tension (26.7 to 56.9 mN.m-1). However, with ethylene glycol, increasing the surfactant content promoted a small variation on the contact angle (59.14° to 65.10°) and on the surface tension (5.5 to 5.0 mN.m-1). The surfactant promoted a slight change in the melt flow index but not affected the roughness of the samples.

Keywords : hydrophilicity; polyether siloxane; polypropylene; wettability.

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