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Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira

versão impressa ISSN 0104-4230versão On-line ISSN 1806-9282

Resumo

ANDRADE, VICTOR HUGO LOPES DE et al. Current aspects of polycystic ovary syndrome: A literature review. Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. [online]. 2016, vol.62, n.9, pp.867-871. ISSN 1806-9282.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.62.09.867.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous endocrine disorder with variable prevalence, affecting about one in every 15 women worldwide. The diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome requires at least two of the following criteria: oligoovulation and/or anovulation, clinical and/or biochemical evidence of hyperandrogenism and morphology of polycystic ovaries. Women with PCOS appear to have a higher risk of developing metabolic disorders, hypertension and cardiovascular disorders. The aim of this article was to present a review of the literature by searching the databases Pubmed and Scielo, focusing on publications related to polycystic ovaries, including its pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and therapeutic aspects, as well as its association with cardiovascular and arterial hypertensive disorders.

Palavras-chave : polycystic ovary syndrome; hyperandrogenism; cardiovascular disorders; arterial hypertension.

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