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Rem: Revista Escola de Minas

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MOUALLEM, Carlos; SOUSA, Wilson Trigueiro de; CABRAL, Ivo Eyer  and  CURI, Adilson. Perspectives for use of hydraulic fracturing in oil and gas production. Rem: Rev. Esc. Minas [online]. 2014, vol.67, n.4, pp.373-378. ISSN 0370-4467.

Hydraulic fracturing emerges currently, all over the world, as one of the more strategic techniques used by companies in the oil exploitation sector. This technique is characterized by its high productivity and profit in relation to conventional methods of hydrocarbon exploitation. However, in many countries, as is the case of Brazil, there are several divergences considering the employment of this methodology. Many renowned researchers attest that there are several irreversible environmental impacts generated by the use of this methodology. Among the main environmental impacts are the risk of groundwater level contamination, the risk of surface subsidence, and the risk of the environment contamination with fluids used in the process of the oil and gas extraction.

Keywords : hydrocarbons; hydraulic fracturing; exploitation; environment.

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